Intake and Output. An infant at this stage will need breast milk or infant formula to thrive. Most formula fed infants will take 2 to 3 ounces every 2-3 hours. Breast fed babies will feed 10-20 minutes on each breast every 2-3 hours.

Infants will usually wet between 6-8 diapers in a 24 hour period. Breast fed babies may have a bowel movement 5-8 times a day. Bottle fed babies may be 5 or less per 24 hours. It’s important to remember however, every baby is different. If stool is hared or an infant hasn’t had a bowel movement in 24-48 hours, should pediatric healthcare provider should be notified.


Growth and Development. An infant has many reflex actions due to a developing neurological system. Their arms and legs may “jerk” slightly at times, this is very normal. A startle or Moro reflex is common, this is where the arms are flung outward and quickly brought back close to the chest. The infant will also have a rooting reflex which is when the cheek is stroked, the infant will open his mouth and turn towards the stimulus.

An infant at this stage may sleep 16 hours or more in a 24 hour period. During awake time an infant may cry, this does not always mean they are hungry. They may have startled themselves, they may need to be changed or they may be uncomfortable. (i.e.. either to cold or warm).

The recommended sleep position is on the back as it reduces the incidence of SIDS ( Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)

The newborns vision will be strongest within an 8 to 12 inch range and can respond to light and darkness. Newborns prefer patterns of black and white.

Important to growth and development is warmth and cuddling. An infants needs to be close to you for the familiar noises and movement he was used to before birth. When an infant is rocked, cuddled and spoken to softly, he or she will respond.

Pediatrician Visits: Your pediatrician is always there to advise you on the care of your infant. Remember to write your questions down before a visit so they can all be answered. Your doctor will also set up an immunization schedule which must not be neglected. Your pediatric health care provider will be an enormous help getting you and your baby off to a good start.

Important Note:

Always use an approved car seat and make sure you install in correctly.
Never leave an infant unattended with siblings or pets.
Never leave an infant unattended on the changing table, bed, etc.
Social Development:

Your baby will try to focus on your face or voice.
Your baby may show signs of distress.
Your baby will respond positively to the sound of human voice.

Physical Development:
Will respond to sudden changes
Most movements controlled by reflexes- arms, legs, hands, swallowing and rooting.
Reflex causes hands to be fisted often.
Head will flop backward and forward whenever pulled to a sitting position (poor head control)
Sleeps about 70-80% of the day.
Sensory Development:
Blinks at bright lights and may close eyes.
Will focus about 12-14 inches away.
Prefer face like objects and simple geometric designs.
Prefer contrasting colors such as black and white.
May be sensitive to sounds.
Prefers high toned voices.